# Aktu Quantum-Discrete Structure Theory of Logic Free Download for 2024 Exam

If you’re searching for Discrete Structure Theory of Logic AKTU Quantum free PDF download for B.Tech 2nd Year, you’ve come to the correct place. This is the official page for the Aktu Quantum Free PDF Download for B.Tech 2nd Year. The most recent iteration of the Quantum Series for B.Tech 2nd Year can be downloaded for free from our website. It goes into great detail over the whole syllabus.

# DSTL AKTU Quantum 2nd Year CSE

Prepare for success in AKTU exams with comprehensive Discrete Structure Theory. Explore the quantum of logic, mastering the intricate principles that form the foundation of AKTU examinations. Delve into key concepts, solve practice problems, and excel in understanding the logic required to conquer the challenges of the AKTU exam confidently. Success awaits those who grasp the essence of Discrete Structure Theory for AKTU exams quantum.

## DSTL AKTU Quantum B.Tech 2nd Year

We will also upload Handwritten notes on every subject.

Unit-1:

In the first unit of Aktu quantum its talk about

Set Theory:- First of all, sets combined, multiple sets, and ordered pairs. Certain general identities on sets are proved. Relationships: Overview, Functions, and Applications characteristics of relationships, Equitable Relations, Composite Relations, Recursive definition of relation, Order of relations.

Functions:– Definition, Function Classification, functions-related operations, functions defined recursively. Extension of Operations.

Natural Numbers:- Overview, Variants of Induction, Mathematical Induction, and Induction with Nonzero Base Cases. Methods of Proof, Proof by contradiction, or proof by counterexample.

Unit-2: Algebraic Structures

Order, Subgroups, Groups, and Definition Cosets, Permutation and Symmetric groups, Lagrange’s theorem, Normal Subgroups, Cyclic Groups, Homomorphisms of Groups, The definition and fundamental characteristics of fields and rings.

Unit-3: Lattices

Definition and characteristics of lattices: complete, bounded, modular, and supplemented. Introduction to Boolean Algebra; Axioms and Theorems; Algebraic Manipulation of Boolean Expressions. Boolean algebra, logic gates, digital circuits, Karnaugh maps, and Boolean functions simplified.

Unit-4:

Propositional Logic:p Proposition, well formed formula, Truth tables, Tautology, Satisfiability, Contradiction, Algebra of proposition, Theory of Inference.

Predicate Logic:– Quantifiers, first-order predicate, well-formed predicate formula, and predicate logic inference theory.

Unit-5

Trees:- Definition, Binary tree, Binary tree traversal, Binary search tree.

Graph:- Terminology and definitions, Isomorphism and homeomorphism of graphs, multigraphs, bipartite graphs, planar graphs, representation of graphs, Hamiltonian and Euler paths, Graph illustration, The concepts of recurrence relation and generating function include recursive function definition, recursive algorithms, and recursive problem-solving techniques.

Combinatorics:- Introduction, Counting Techniques, Pigeonhole Principle