COI Unit-2 Part- 1Union Executive and State Executive

Que2.1. What are the powers of Indian Parliament? Answer i. All the legislative powers of the Indian civil Government are vested in the Parliament. ii. The laws framed by the Indian Parliament are executed in the total of the country. iii. Its powers can be classified in to following heads 1. Legislative powers All the subjects in our constitution are divided among state, union and concurrent lists. In concurrent list Administrative law is over riding than state legislative law. 2. Administrative powers According to administrative form of government superintendent is responsible to the congress for its acts and programs. Hence congress exercises control by colorful measures like panels, question hour, zero houretc. 3. fiscal powers It includes enactment of budget, checking the performance of government with respect of fiscal spending through fiscal panels( post popular control). 4. Constituent powers To amend the constitution, to pass any laws needed,etc. 5. Judicial powers It includesi. Impeachment of President for violation of constitution. ii. junking of judges of Supreme Court and High court. iii. junking ofVice-President. iv. discipline members for breach of boons like sitting in the house when the member knows he’s not an eligible member, serving as member before taking pledgeetc. 6. Electoral powers It has its participation in the election of President andVice-President. The members of Lok Sabha elect speaker and deputy speaker from among its members. also members of Rajya Sabha elect deputy president. 7. Other powers It includesi. To bandy colorful issues of public and transnational significance. ii. Assessing exigency. iii. Increase or drop area, change names, alter the boundary of the countries. iv. produce or abolish state council,etc. Que2.2. Write a short note on Rajya Sabha( Council of States). Answer 1. The Rajya Sabha( Council of States) is the Upper House of our Parliament. 2. It consists of not further than 250 Members, out of which, 238 Members represent the States and Union homes and 12 Members are nominated by the President from amongst the persons having special knowledge and practical experience in respect of similar matters as literature, wisdom, art and social service. 3. At present, the factual strength of Rajya Sabha is 245. 4. A endless body, Rajya Sabha isn’t subject to dissolution. still, one- third of its Members retire biennially. 5. A Member who’s tagged for a full term retains his class for six times. He’s eligible forre-election. 6. A Member tagged nominated to a casual vacancy serves for the remainder term only. 7. Members of Rajya Sabha are tagged by the tagged members of the State Legislative Assemblies in agreement with the system of commensurable representation by means of the single transmittable vote. Que2.3. What are the powers and functions of the Rajya Sabha? Answer 1. Legislative Powers a. In the sphere of ordinary law- making the Rajya Sabha enjoys equal powers with the Lok Sabha. b. An ordinary bill can be introduced in the Rajya Sabha and it can not come a law unless passed by it. 2. Financial Powers a. In the fiscal sphere, the Rajya Sabha is a weak House. b. A plutocrat bill can not be introduced in the Rajya Sabha. It can be initiated only in the Lok Sabha.c.However, it depends upon the Lok Sabha to accept or reject the proposed emendations, If the Rajya Sabha proposes some emendations and the bill is returned to the Lok Sabha. 3. Administrative Powers a. The Union Council of Ministers is inclusively responsible before the Lok Sabha and not the Rajya Sabha.b. Lok Sabha alone can beget the fall of the Council of Ministers by passing a vote of no- confidence. 4. Amendment Powersa. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can together amend the constitution by passing an correction bill with2/3 maturity in each House. 5. Electoral Powers a. The Rajya Sabha has some electoral powers also. b. The tagged members of the Rajya Sabha along with the tagged members of the Lok Sabha and all the State Legislative Assemblies together handpick the President of India. c. The members of the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha together handpick theVice-President of India.d. Members of the Rajya Sabha also handpick a Deputy Chairman from amongst themselves. 6. Judicial Powers a. The Rajya Sabha acting along with the Lok Sabha can impeach the President on charges of violation of the Constitution. b. The Rajya Sabha can also pass a special address for causing the junking of a judge of the Supreme Court or of any High Court. c. The charges against theVice-President can be leveled only in the Rajya Sabha. d. The Rajya Sabha can pass a resolution for the junking of some high officers like the Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General, and Chief Election Commissioner. 7. eclectic Powers The Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha concertedly perform the following functions blessing of the bills issued by the President,b. Ratification of an exigency proclamation,c. Making any change in the governance of the Supreme Court and the High Courts, andd. Making any change in the qualifications for the class of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. 8. Two Special Powers of Rajya Sabha The Rajya Sabha enjoys two exclusive powers a. The Power to declare a subject of State List as a subject of National Importance.b. Power in respect of Creation or invalidation of an All India Service. Que2.4. Write a short note on Lok Sabha( House of the People). Answer 1. Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the base of the adult franchise. 2. The maximum strength of the House imaged by the Constitution is 552. 3. This is made up by election of upto 530 members to represent the States, upto 20 members to represent the Union homes and not further than two members of the Anglo- Indian Community to be nominated by theHon’ble President. 4. The total optional class is distributed among the States in such a way that the rate between the number of seats distributed to each State and the population of the State is the same for all States. 5. The Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues to operate for five times from the date appointed for its first meeting. Que2.5. What are the powers and functions of the Lok Sabha? Answer Powers and function of Lok Sabha 1. Legislative Power a. The Lok Sabha together with the Rajya Sabha has the power to frame laws on subjects in the union list, concurrent list, and the residuary subjects. Ordinary bill can be introduced in either of two houses of the Parliament, yet nearly 95 of the bills are introduced in the Lok Sabha.c. Because of its large class the Lok Sabha has a dominant position in the house. 2. Administrative Power a. Under composition 75( 3) of constitution, council of the minister has been made responsible to the Lok Sabha. b. The council of minister remains in office till it enjoys the confidence of the Lok Sabha, if it loses the confidence of Lok Sabha the Council of Ministers shall have to abdicate. 3. Financial Power a. The Lok Sabha has a superior position in the fiscal matter as a plutocrat bill can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha. b. A plutocrat bill can only be delayed by the Rajya Sabha for a outside of 14 days. c. In case of any disagreement as to whether a particular bill is plutocrat bill or not the decision of the speaker of the Lok Sabha is final. 4. Judicial Power The Lok Sabha possesses the following judicial power a. The charges of indictment against President, Judges of Supreme Court and the High court can be framed in either of two houses by a two- thirds maturity of the members present voting.b. Though the indictment charges against the Vice President of India are framed by Rajya Sabha, it’s essential that regulation is passed by the Lok Sabha also. c. In case of the violation of the discipline in the Lok Sabha, the members are free to take action against the defaulting members. 5. Amendment Power a. A indigenous Correction Bill can be introduced in either House of the Parliament.b. It’s supposed to have been passed only when it’s passed by both the houses of the congress in agreement with the provision of Composition 368 of the constitution. c. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can together amend all papers of the Constitution with the exception of those which requires special blessing by one half of the state council. 6. blessing Over the protestation of exigency a. The constitution empowers the Indian President to declare three types of extremities

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